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Creation of partial fascicular block: an approach to ablation of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia in the pediatric population.


Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2015 Feb;38(2):209-15.

Creation of partial fascicular block: an approach to ablation of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia in the pediatric population.

Fishberger SB1Olen MMRollinson NLRossi AF.

BACKGROUND:

Catheter ablation of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia in the pediatric population remains challenging. A recent multicenter study reported limited success with 14% not undergoing ablation due to inability to induce ventricular tachycardia (VT) or blood pressure instability duringtachycardia. Creating complete or partial fascicular block with radiofrequency catheter ablation is a technique that may eliminate VT. This approachis performed during sinus rhythm, enabling atrioventricular conduction monitoring and maintaining stable hemodynamics. Importantly, induction of VT is not necessary for mapping or assessing efficacy of the procedure.

METHODS:

A retrospective review of pediatric patients (3-17 years) with recurrent, documented idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia by electrocardiogram who received catheter ablation by creating fascicular block as a therapeutic endpoint was performed. All had ablation at the site of an identified Purkinje potential.

RESULTS:

There were six patients with idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia, five originating from the posterior fascicle and one from the anterior fascicle. VT was not induced or spontaneous in four patients using programmed stimulation and isoproterenol infusion. All patients had a QRS axis shift following ablation, though none met criteria for fascicular block. At follow up (7-49 months, mean 27 months), all patients had persistence of this shift. There were no recurrences of VT and none of the patients were taking antiarrhythmic medication.

CONCLUSION:

The technique of creating partial fascicular block appears to be a safe and effective approach to ablation of idiopathic left ventriculartachycardia in children.

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